Mobile Application Development is the methods of creating the software applications that run on a mobile device, and a mobile application uses the network connection to work with remote computing resources. Hence, the mobile development process involves creating installable software bundles (code, binaries, assets, etc.), implementing backend services such as data access with an API, and testing the application on target devices.
Applications can be pre-installed on the phones during manufacturing platforms, or delivered as the web applications using server-side or client-side processing to offer an application-like experience within a Web browser.
Alternatives for Building Mobile Application Development
There are development approaches when creating mobile applications
- Native Mobile Applications
- Cross-Platform Native Mobile Applications
- Hybrid Mobile Applications
- Progressive Web Applications
Each of these approaches for developing mobile applications has its own set of advantages and disadvantages. When selecting the right development approach for their projects, developers consider the desired user experience, the computing resources and the native features required by the app, the development budget, time targets, and resources available to maintain the app.
1. Native Applications
Native mobile applications are written in the programming language and the frameworks offered by the platform owner and running directly on the operating system of the device such as iOS and Android.
2. Cross-Platform Applications
Cross-platform native mobile applications can be written in a variety of different programming languages and frameworks, but they are compiled into a native application running directly on the operating system of the device.
3. Hybrid-Web Applications
4. Progressive Web Applications
PWAs offer an alternative approach to traditional mobile app development by skipping app store delivery and app installations. PWAs are web applications that utilize a set of browser capabilities – such as working offline, running a background process, and adding a link to the device home screen – to provide an ‘app like’ user experience.
Key Mobile Application Services
the mobile developers should look for a development environment that makes it easier for them to integrate, use, and consume the most commonly required capabilities into their application quickly and easily, while still preserving the freedom to take advantage of the many individual services available.
- User Sign-up/Sign-in and Management
- Social login (Facebook sign-in, Twitter sign-in, etc.)
- Analytics and User Engagement
- Push Notifications
- Real Device Testing
- Cloud Storage
- Real-time and Offline Data
- Application Logic/Cloud Functions
- Conversational Bots
- Image and Video Recognition
- Speech Recognition