The technology like IoT Applications for Agriculture could have the greatest impact. However, the Internet of Things (IoT) has the capability to transform the world we live in; more-efficient industries, connected cars, and smarter cities are all components of the IoT equation.
The world population is set to touch 9.6 billion by 2050. So, to feed this much population, the farming industry must embrace IoT. Against the challenges such as weather conditions and rising the climate change, and the environmental impact resulting from intensive farming practices, the demand for more food has to be met.
Smart farming based on IoT technologies will allow growers and farmers to reduce waste and enhance productivity ranging from the quantity of fertilizer utilized to the number of journeys the farm vehicles have made.
IoT Applications for Agriculture Overview
In IoT-based smart farming which a system is built for monitoring the crop field with the help of sensors like humidity, light, temperature, soil moisture, etc. and automating the irrigation system.
The farmers can monitor the field conditions from any time and anywhere. IoT-based smart farming is highly efficient when compared with the other approach.
In terms of environmental issues, IoT-based smart farming can empower great benefits including more efficient water usage, or optimization of treatments and inputs.
The Key applications of IoT-based smart farming that are revolutionizing agriculture.
Applications of IoT in Agriculture
- It is also known as precision agriculture, precision farming can be thought of as anything that makes the farming practice more accurate and controlled when it comes to raising the livestock and growing the crops.
- In this approach of farm management, a main component is the use of IT and various items like control systems, sensors, robotics, autonomous vehicles, automated hardware, variable rate technology, and so on.
- The adoption of access to mobile devices, high-speed internet, and reliable, low-cost satellites by the manufacturer are few key technologies characterizing the precision agriculture trend.
- Technology has changed over time-to-time and agricultural drones are a very good example. Today, agriculture is one of the important industries to incorporate drones.
- Drones are being utilized in agriculture in order to empower various agricultural practices. The ways ground-based and aerial based drones are being used in agriculture are irrigation, crop health assessment, crop monitoring, crop spraying, planting, and soil and field analysis.
- The key benefits of using drones include integrated GIS mapping, crop health imaging, ease of use, saves time, and the potential to increase yields.
- The drone collects thermal, multispectral, and visual imagery during the flight and then lands in the same location it took off.
- Large farm owners can use wireless IoT applications to analyze and collect data regarding the location, well-being, and health of their cattle.
- This information allows them to identify animals that are sick so they can be separated from the herd, thereby preventing the spread of disease. It also lowers labor costs as ranchers can locate their cattle with the help of IoT based sensors.
- Greenhouse farming is a key methodology that helps in enhancing the yield of fruits, vegetables, crops etc. Greenhouses controls the environmental parameters through proportional control mechanism or a manual intervention.
- As manual intervention results in energy loss, production loss, and labor cost, these methods are less effective.
- A smart greenhouse can be developed with the help of IoT; this design intelligently monitors as well as controls the climate, eliminating the need for manual intervention.
- For controlling the environment in a smart greenhouse, varieties of sensors that measure the environmental parameters according to the plant requirement are used. We can even create a cloud server for remotely accessing the system when it is connected using IoT.
- The IoT sensors in the greenhouse provide information on the pressure, light levels, humidity, and temperature. These sensors can control the actuators automatically to turn on lights, open a window, control a heater, turn on a mister or turn on a fan, all controlled through a WiFi signal.
Thus, the IoT agricultural applications are making it possible for growers and farmers to collect valid data. Small farmers and large landowners must understand the potential of IoT market for agriculture by installing smart technologies to increase competitiveness and sustainability in their productions.
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